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Nano science and nano technology are the study and application of extremely small things and can be used across all the other science fields, such as chemistry, biology, physics, materials science, and engineering. Nano technology is not just a new field of science and engineering, but a new way of looking at and studying.
National Nano-tech Initiative: Nanotech.gov It’s hard to imagine just how small nano is. One nanometer is a billionth of a meter, or 10-9 of a meter. Here are a few illustrative examples:
• There are 25,400,000 nanometers in an inch
• A sheet of newspaper is about 100,000 nanometers thick
• On a comparative scale, if a marble were a nanometer,
then one meter would be the size of the Earth
At such scales, the ordinary rules of physics and chemistry no longer apply. For instance, materials’ characteristics, such as their colour, strength, conductivity and reactivity, can differ substantially between the nanoscale and the macro. Carbon ‘nanotubes’ are 100 times stronger than steel but six times lighter.
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Nano technology is hailed as having the potential to increase the efficiency of energy consumption, help clean the environment, and solve major health problems. It is said to be able to massively increase manufacturing production at significantly reduced costs.
In June 1999, Richard Smalley, Nobel laureate in chemistry, addressed the US House Committee on Science on the benefits of nano technology. “The impact of nano technology on the health, wealth, and lives of people,” he said, “will be at least the equivalent of the combined influences of microelectronics, medical imagining, computer- aided engineering and man-made polymers developed in this century.”
Graphene Trade launched in 2012 to provide an entry level solution to an investment gap that could drive forward the UK's march toward establishing itself as a long term player in the global Graphene and nano tech markets. Graphene Trade as the World's 1st investment nano-broker aims to forge ahead and build a long-standing reputation as the UK's primary trading nano-broker.